Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin-Structure Infections, efficacy of Dalbavancin: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2020 Oct 21:1-13. doi: 10.1080/14787210.2021.1828865. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVES: To know the efficacy of different doses of dalbavancin in acute bacterial skin and skin-structure infections (ABSSSIs) and versus other antibiotics.

METHODS: We performed a systematic review of dalbavancin efficacy for ABSSSIs. We selected 10 clinical trials from MEDLINE and Cochrane databases for qualitative review. Of these, five trials compared one or two doses of dalbavancin versus other antibiotics such as vancomycin or linezolid.

RESULTS: Treatment outcomes with other antibiotics were not significantly different versus two doses of dalbavancin (OR 1.13; 95% CI 0.75-1.71; p = 0.55) or single dose dalbavancin (OR 0.98; 95% CI 0.19-5.17; p = 0.98). One dose versus two doses of dalbavancin did not show significant differences in any of the treatment groups. In contrast, the global microbiological assessment results indicated a favorable outcome for two doses of dalbavancin compared to the single dose of dalbavancin (OR 2.96; 95% CI 1.19-7.39; p = 0.02) in both methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus.

CONCLUSION: Either single dose or two dose dalbavancin treatment is as clinically effective as other antibiotics such as vancomycin and linezolid for the treatment of ABSSSIs. Abbreviations ABSSI: acute bacterial skin and skin-structure infection; AUC: area under the concentration-time curve; CE: clinical evaluable; CI: confidence interval; EOT: end of treatment; ITT: intention-to-treat; LOS: length of stay; MIC: minimum inhibitory concentration; MIC90: minimum concentration to inhibit growth of 90% of isolates; MR: methicillin resistant; MRSA: methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; MS: methicillin susceptible; MSSA: methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus; OPAT: Outpatient Parenteral Antimicrobial Therapy; OR: odds ratio; PI: penicillin intermediate; PR: penicillin resistant; PS penicillin susceptible; SIRS: systemic inflammatory response syndrome; SSTI: skin and soft tissue infection; TOC: test of cure; VR: vancomycin resistant; VS: vancomycin susceptible.

PMID:32981375 | DOI:10.1080/14787210.2021.1828865