Nat Commun. 2021 Oct 8;12(1):5898. doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-26221-y.
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) induced infection calls for antibacterial agents that are not prone to antimicrobial resistance. We prepare protease-resistant peptoid polymers with variable C-terminal functional groups using a ring-opening polymerization of N-substituted N-carboxyanhydrides (NNCA), which can provide peptoid polymers easily from the one-pot synthesis. We study the optimal polymer that displays effective activity against MRSA planktonic and persister cells, effective eradication of highly antibiotic-resistant MRSA biofilms, and potent anti-infectious performance in vivo using the wound infection model, the mouse keratitis model, and the mouse peritonitis model. Peptoid polymers show insusceptibility to antimicrobial resistance, which is a prominent merit of these antimicrobial agents. The low cost, convenient synthesis and structure diversity of peptoid polymers, the superior antimicrobial performance and therapeutic potential in treating MRSA infection altogether imply great potential of peptoid polymers as promising antibacterial agents in treating MRSA infection and alleviating antibiotic resistance.