Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther. 2021 Apr 27:102311. doi: 10.1016/j.pdpdt.2021.102311. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) has shown great potential for treatment of superficial or localized multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii infections. The purpose of this study was to investigate the cytotoxicity and in vivo safety of aloe-emodin (AE), and its photodynamic treatment efficacy against MDR A. baumannii infections.
METHODS: The cytotoxicity (dark toxicity) and phototoxicity of AE to human immortalized keratinocytes and mice fibroblasts were detected by CCK-8 kit. Low and high doses of AE were intravenously injected into mice to evaluate the safety of AE in vivo. Bioluminescent MDR A. baumannii strain was employed to establish the infection model on BALB/c mice after skin scald, and infection status and therapeutic effect of AE-mediated aPDT were assessed by animal imaging system. The peripheral blood of mice was analyzed by flow cytometer.
RESULTS: AE had low cytotoxicity to human immortalized keratinocytes and mice fibroblasts, and had certain phototoxicity to these cells under light irradiation. The in vivo experiments demonstrated that AE caused no obvious effects on the weight and pathological changes of mice. AE-mediated aPDT was effective in the treatment of MDR A. baumannii caused infections in mice after skin scald.
CONCLUSIONS: AE has potential to be used in the photodynamic treatment of MDR A. baumannii caused superficial infections after scald.