Analysis of bacterial infection and drug sensitivity in patients with chronic suppurative otitis media

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2021 Oct;35(10):870-874. doi: 10.13201/j.issn.2096-7993.2021.10.002.

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the distribution of pathogenic bacteria and drug sensitivity among patients with chronic suppurative otitis media. Methods:Patients with chronic suppurative otitis media who were hospitalized in the Department of Otolaryngology, People's Hospital, Peking University for surgery from January 1, 2019 to May 1, 2021 were enrolled as the subjects, then take the deep secretions of the external auditory canal for bacterial culture. Finally, the distribution and drug sensitivity of the pathogenic bacteria are analyzed. Results:A total of 126 patients were enrolled, of which 53 were culture-positive, and 57 strains of bacteria were isolated, including 47 strains of Gram-positive cocci, 10 strains of Gram-negative bacilli. Among Gram-positive cocci, 24 methicillin-sensitive staphylococcus aureus(MSSA) strains, 7 methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus(MRSA) strains, 14 coagulase-negative staphylococcus strains, 1 strain enterococcus faecium, and 1 strain otitis Zurich. 4 strains(4/10) of pseudomonas aeruginosa among Gram-negative bacilli. Among them, MSSA has a high resistance rate to levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, clindamycin, and gentamicin, and high sensitivity to oxacillin, vancomycin, linezolid, and rifampin. MRSA is highly resistant to common antibiotics except vancomycin, rifampicin, and linezolid. The Gram-negative bacilli have higher resistance rates to levofloxacin, aztreonam, ciprofloxacin, ceftazidime, and piperacillin/tazobactam, and to meropenem, imipenem, amika star, cefepoxime, cefoperazone/sulbactam, and tobramycin are more sensitive. The results of univariable and multivariable analysis showed that age and bacterial infection were independent factors related to dry ears, and the duration of the disease history was a non-independent factor. Conclusion:The main pathogenic bacteria infections in patients with chronic suppurative otitis media are MSSA, MRSA, and pseudomonas aeruginosa. Whether it is combined with bacterial infection and age are independent factors related to whether patients with chronic suppurative otitis media could have dry ears. Therefore, patients with chronic suppurative otitis media should be treated with specific antibiotics or surgical interventions as soon as possible in combination with drug sensitivity results to avoid prolonging disease course or causing serious infectious complications.

PMID:34628806 | DOI:10.13201/j.issn.2096-7993.2021.10.002