Antibacterial and antibiofilm effects of flufenamic acid against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

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Antibacterial and antibiofilm effects of flufenamic acid against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

Pharmacol Res. 2020 Jul 07;:105067

Authors: Zhang S, Tang H, Wang Y, Nie B, Yang H, Yuan W, Qu X, Yue B

Abstract
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections are one of the most serious surgery complications, and their prevention is of utmost importance. Flufenamic acid is a non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug approved for clinical use to relieve inflammation and pain in rheumatoid arthritis patients. In this study, we explored the antibacterial efficacy of flufenamic acid and the mechanisms underlying this effect. By using minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC), time-kill, resistance induction assays, and the antibiotic synergy test, we demonstrated that flufenamic acid inhibited the growth of methicillin-resistant staphylococci and did not induce resistance when it was used at the MIC. Furthermore, flufenamic acid acted synergistically with the beta-lactam antibiotic oxacillin and did not show significant toxicity toward mammalian cells. The biofilm inhibition assay revealed that flufenamic acid could prevent biofilm formation on medical implants and destroy the ultrastructure of the bacterial cell wall. RNA sequencing and quantitative RT-PCR indicated that flufenamic acid inhibited the expression of genes associated with peptidoglycan biosynthesis, beta-lactam resistance, quorum sensing, and biofilm formation. Furthermore, flufenamic acid efficiently ameliorated a local infection caused by MRSA in mice. In conclusion, flufenamic acid may be a potent therapeutic compound against MRSA infections and a promising candidate for antimicrobial coating of implants and surgical devices.

PMID: 32650057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]