J Nat Prod. 2021 Apr 16. doi: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.0c01308. Online ahead of print.
Seven new polyketides including a phenol (1), two diphenyl ethers (2 and 3), two depsidones (4 and 5), and two phthalides (6 and 7) were isolated from the fungus Aspergillus unguis PSU-MF16 along with 27 known compounds. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis. The absolute configurations of 1 and 4-7 were established using comparative analyses of calculated and experimental ECD spectra. Among the new metabolites, 2 exhibited the best antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant S. aureus, and Microsporum gypseum with equal MIC values of 16 μg/mL. In addition, known emeguisin A displayed potent antimicrobial activity against S. aureus, methicillin-resistant S. aureus, and Cryptococcus neoformans with equal MIC values of 0.5 μg/mL, compared with the standard drugs, vancomycin and amphotericin B. The structure-activity relationship study of the isolated compounds for antimicrobial activity is discussed.