Antibacterial immunomodulatory and antibiofilm triple effect of Salivaricin LHM against Pseudomonas aeruginosa urinary tract infection model.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2019 May 25;:
Authors: Mahdi LH, Jabbar HS, Auda IG
The study sought to purify and characterize a novel bacteriocin from oral L. salivarius and studying the effect of L. salivarius and its bacteriocin against multidrug-resistant (MDR) P. aeruginosa in vivo and in vitro. Saliva Lactobacillus salivarius bacteriocin was prepared and purified. The molecular weight of purified L. salivarius bacteriocin was 13,500 Da protein. The antibacterial activity of purified salivaricin LHM was higher than crude (P < 0.05) and was active at a wide range of pH values, thermostable and has no lipid or carbohydrate moiety. The antibiofilm activity of salivaricin LHM was observed. In vivo, Lactobacillus salivarius and salivaricin LHM significantly decrease the effect of bacteria in the kidney and bladder, while there is an improvement of P. aeruginosa infection in ureter salivaricin LHM-treated groups (P < 0.05). Analysis of serum IL-10 and IL-4 levels revealed salivaricin LHM has prophylaxis effect. In conclusion, salivaricin LHM is protein in nature, without lipid or carbohydrate moieties, heat-stable and active at a wide range of pH values and can be classified as type II bacteriocin. Lactobacillus salivarius and salivaricin LHM has anti-pseudomonas activity, immunomodulatory by increasing pro-inflammatory cytokines and antibiofilm against P. aeruginosa urinary tract infection model in vivo and in vitro.
PMID: 31136751 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]