Antibiotics (Basel). 2021 Apr 3;10(4):377. doi: 10.3390/antibiotics10040377.
Four new secondary metabolites, including one spiro[anthracenone-xanthene] derivative aspergiloxathene A (1), one penicillide analogue, Δ2'-1'-dehydropenicillide (2), and two new phthalide derivatives, 5-methyl-3-methoxyepicoccone (3) and 7-carboxy-4-hydroxy-6-methoxy-5-methylphthalide (4), together with four known compounds, yicathin C (5), dehydropenicillide (6), 3-methoxyepicoccone (7), 4-hydroxy-6-methoxy-5-methylphthalide (8), were identified from the marine-derived fungus Aspergillus sp. IMCASMF180035. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic data, including high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HRESIMS), 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques. Compound 1 was identified as the first jointed molecule by xanthene and anthracenone moieties possessing an unprecedented carbon skeleton with spiro-ring system. All compounds were evaluated activities against Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA), Escherichia coli, Escherichia faecium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Helicobacter pylori. Compound 1 showed significant inhibitory effects against S. aureus and MRSA, with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of 5.60 and 22.40 µM. Compounds 2 and 6 exhibited potent antibacterial activities against H. pylori, with MIC values of 21.73 and 21.61 µM, respectively.