Antibiotic consumption study in two hospitals in Asmara from 2014 to 2018 using WHO’s defined daily dose (DDD) methodology.

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Antibiotic consumption study in two hospitals in Asmara from 2014 to 2018 using WHO's defined daily dose (DDD) methodology.

PLoS One. 2020;15(7):e0233275

Authors: Amaha ND, Weldemariam DG, Berhe YH

Abstract
This study compares the antibiotic consumption rates over a period of five years in two hospitals in Eritrea, Orotta National Referral and Teaching Hospital (ONRTH) and Hazhaz Zonal Referral Hospital (HZRH). Antibiotic consumption is an important parameter in the study of antibiotic use. However, no published data on consumption rates exist for these two hospitals, thus the aim of the study is to measure and compare a five year antibiotic consumption trends of the two hospitals' medical wards using Defined Daily Dose per 100 bed-days (DDD/100-BD). Antibiotics dispensed from January 2014 to December 2018 were considered. Non-parametric Pearson's correlation coefficient was used for comparison of consumption, while non-parametric Friedman's test measured annual rates. The total antibiotic consumption in the HZRH was almost double that of ONRTH. The analysis showed that antibiotic consumption in ONRTH was significantly decreased from 2014 to 2018 while there was no significant difference in consumption in HZRH. Benzyl penicillin was the most consumed antibiotic in HZRH and ONRTH throughout the study period at 87.8DDD/100-BD and 35.4 DDD/100-BD respectively. Ceftriaxone and ciprofloxacin were among the most commonly consumed antibiotics in both hospitals. Establishment of Antibiotic stewardship program would benefit both hospitals greatly, and further studies need to be done to establish the national antibiotic consumption baseline.

PMID: 32614832 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]