Antibiotic stewardship in the PICU: Impact of ward rounds led by paediatric infectious diseases specialists on antibiotic consumption.

Icon for Nature Publishing Group Related Articles

Antibiotic stewardship in the PICU: Impact of ward rounds led by paediatric infectious diseases specialists on antibiotic consumption.

Sci Rep. 2020 Jun 01;10(1):8826

Authors: Renk H, Sarmisak E, Spott C, Kumpf M, Hofbeck M, Hölzl F

Abstract
Antimicrobial stewardship programmes (ASP) are aimed at optimising antimicrobial utilization. However, only few studies have focused on paediatric intensive care units (PICU), where inappropriate antibiotic use occurs frequently. We assessed the effect and safety of a once weekly paediatric infectious disease (PID) ward round with prospective audit and feedback on antibiotic consumption in a multidisciplinary PICU. This study was conducted within 6-months periods before and after the implementation of a weekly PID-ward round. Antimicrobial management and two main recommendations per patient were discussed and documented. The primary outcome was antimicrobial utilization, measured by days of therapy (DoT) and length of therapy (LoT) per 1000 patient days (PD) for all PICU stays. Secondary outcomes included PICU mean length of stay, total mortality, infection-related mortality and cost of therapy. 1964 PD were analyzed during the pre- and 1866 PD during the post-implementation phase. Adherence to the recommendations was 79%. An 18% reduction of DoT/1000 PD was observed in the post-implementation period (p = 0.005). LoT/1000 PD decreased by 11% (p = 0.09). Meropenem and vancomycin usage were reduced by 49% (p = 0.07) and 56% (p = 0.03), respectively. We conclude, that a once weekly PID-ward round with prospective audit and feedback is safe and effective and reduces antibiotic consumption in PICUs.

PMID: 32483370 [PubMed - in process]