Ann Burns Fire Disasters. 2020 Dec 31;33(4):317-321.
The study investigated antibiotic utilization after the implementation of a procalcitonin (PCT)-guided antibiotic algorithm in the burn intensive care unit (BICU) to minimize antibiotic exposure appropriately. An algorithm established the ordering of an initial procalcitonin level, an additional level following 48 hours post-admission, and upon suspicion of sepsis. The primary endpoint was the percent of days on antibiotics in the BICU. Secondary endpoints were the percent of patients reinitiated on antibiotics, length of BICU and hospital stay, and 30-day mortality. Desirability of Outcome Ranking (DOOR) and Response Adjusted for Duration of Antibiotic Risk (RADAR) methodology aided in antibiotic usage evaluation. The retrospective and prospective phases involved five and seven patients in the final analysis, respectively. The median percent of days on antibiotics in the BICU was 33.3% versus 14.3% in the retrospective and prospective phases, respectively (p=0.222). Secondary outcomes evaluated were percent of patients reinitiated on antibiotics at 80.0% versus 28.6% (p=0.242), the median length of BICU stay at 38 days versus 31 days (p=0.465), the median duration of hospital stay at 39 days versus 37 days (p=0.624) and 30-day mortality of one versus zero cases (p=0.417) in the retrospective and prospective group, respectively. The probability of better DOOR with a PCT-guided antibiotic algorithm versus the control group was 95.7% (95% CI, 81.4-99.5%). The benefit of a PCT-guided antibiotic algorithm implementation cannot be determined based on the small sample size producing a lack of internal validity. Future studies warrant utilizing DOOR/RADAR to evaluate antibiotic stewardship strategies in the burn patient population.