Gesundheitswesen. 2021 Apr 29. doi: 10.1055/a-1471-5311. Online ahead of print.
AIM: To evaluate recommendations of an antibiotic stewardship (ABS) team during routine weekly visits and to analyse their implementation and reasons for non-implementation by the ward physicians.
METHODS: Multiprofessional ABS Rounds (members: infectiology, microbiology, pharmacy and hospital epidemiology) were accompanied by an observer in nine intensive and peripheral wards of a university hospital (1451 beds) for eight weeks. The recommendations of the ABS team were prospectively analysed, and when these were not implemented, ward physicians in charge were asked to give reasons for non-implementation.
RESULTS: A total of 262 patients were visited in the course of 359 ABS visits. A median of four physicians and one pharmacist (Q25/Q75: 4/6) participated in the ABS rounds. In 177/359 (49%) of visits, at least one recommendation for anti-infective therapy was given; the total number of recommendations made was 210. The most frequent (38%, 80/210) recommendations were related to the prescribed therapy duration. The more different the professional groups participating in the ABS rounds, the larger was the number of recommendations given (p=0.016; odds ratio=1.018 (1.003-1.033)). 62/210 (30%) of the ABS recommendations were not implemented by the ward physicians in charge. The most frequent reason (32%: 20/62) for this was the deliberate decision by the physicians to deviate from the recommended therapy.
CONCLUSIONS: The high recommendation rate of 50% demonstrates the need for optimizing therapy by the ABS teams in routine practice. The larger the number of different specialists participating in single visits, the larger was the number of recommendations. Reasons for the lack of implementations need to be critically examined by both the ABS team and the ward physicians in charge.