Mycopathologia. 2021 Feb 15. doi: 10.1007/s11046-021-00530-8. Online ahead of print.
Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) caused by Candida spp. affects 70-75% of women at least once during their lives. We aim to elucidate the potential mechanism of VVC and investigate the therapeutic effects of long noncoding RNA 9708-1. Female BALB/c mice were randomized to four treatment groups, including the blank control group, VVC control group, vehicle control group and lncRNA 9708-1-overexpressed group. Mice were euthanized on Day 4, Day 7 and Day 14 after treatment. Colony-forming unit (CFU) was measured, and the inflammation was detected by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E). Gene and protein expression levels of lncRNA 9708-1 and FAK were determined by real-time PCR, Western blot and immunohistochemistry. The overexpression of lncRNA 9708-1 significantly decreased the fungal load from Day 4 to 7. H&E staining indicated that the impaired histological profiles were improved in lncRNA 9708-1-overexpressed group. LncRNA 9708-1 led to a significant increase in FAK level of vagina tissue which is expressed mainly in epithelial basal layer. This study suggests that lncRNA 9708-1 played a protective role on murine experimental VVC by upregulating the expression levels of FAK.