Antifungal Resistance of Candida Species Isolated from HIV Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Mysuru, Karnataka.

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Antifungal Resistance of Candida Species Isolated from HIV Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Mysuru, Karnataka.

Indian J Dermatol. 2020 Sep-Oct;65(5):423-425

Authors: Shivaswamy U, Sumana MN

Abstract
Context: Candidiasis still remains as a common opportunistic infection in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Drug resistance has become a serious health concern because of indiscriminate usage and dosage.
Aim: To determine the antifungal resistance pattern of Candida albicans and non-albicans Candida (NAC) from HIV patients.
Subjects and Methods: The study was carried out in the department of microbiology at a tertiary care hospital. Candida isolates obtained from HIV patients were tested for drug susceptibility by Vitek-2 automated system.
Results: Antifungal susceptibility pattern (n=109) revealed that 15% of the isolates were resistant to at-least one and 85% were sensitive to all the drugs tested. About 10% and 19% of C. albicans showed resistance to fluconazole and flucytosine respectively. Among non-albicans tested, only C. tropicalis (14%) exhibited resistance to flucytosine.
Conclusions: Knowledge on epidemiology, species prevalence, and drug resistance pattern may guide for effective therapy. This reduces morbidity and also improves the quality of life.

PMID: 33165341 [PubMed]