Pathology. 2021 Jan 28:S0031-3025(21)00002-7. doi: 10.1016/j.pathol.2020.09.030. Online ahead of print.
The objective of this study was to review the antifungal susceptibility of clinical mould isolates performed by the New Zealand Mycology Reference Laboratory. Isolates were either local or referred for testing from other New Zealand laboratories. All isolates were tested by the broth colorimetric microdilution method, Sensititre YeastOne (SYO). Epidemiological cut-off values (ECVs) derived from either the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) method or SYO were used to determine the proportion of non-wild type (non-WT) isolates, i.e., those with an increased likelihood to harbour acquired mechanisms of resistance. A total of 614 isolates were tested. Most isolates (55%) were from the respiratory tract followed by musculoskeletal tissue (17%), eye (10%) and abdomen (5%). The azoles had similar activity except for voriconazole which was less active against the Mucorales. The echinocandins had good activity against Aspergillus spp., other hyaline moulds and dematiaceous isolates but were inactive against Fusarium spp., Lomentospora prolificans and the Mucorales. Amphotericin B had best activity against the Mucorales. The two least susceptible groups were Fusarium spp. and L. prolificans isolates. Three Aspergillus isolates were non-WT for amphotericin B, and four non-WT for azoles. Non-WT were not encountered for caspofungin. Non-Aspergillus isolates in New Zealand have susceptibility patterns similar to those reported elsewhere. In contrast to a growing number of other countries, azole resistance was rare in A. fumigatus sensu stricto. Non-WT isolates were uncommon. The results provide a baseline for monitoring emerging antifungal resistance in New Zealand and support current Australasian treatment guidelines for invasive fungal infections.