Antimicrobial assesment of aroylhydrazone derivatives in vitro.

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Antimicrobial assesment of aroylhydrazone derivatives in vitro.

Acta Pharm. 2019 Jun 01;69(2):277-285

Authors: Polović S, Bilić VL, Budimir A, Kontrec D, Galić N, Kosalec I

Abstract
Aroylhydrazones 1-13 were screened for antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities in vitro. N'-(2-hydroxy-phenylmethylidene)-3-pyridinecarbohydrazide (2), N'-(5-chloro-2-hydroxyphenyl-methylidene)-3-pyridinecarbohydrazide (10), N'-(3,5-chloro-2-hydroxyphenylmethylidene)-3-pyridinecarbohydrazide (11), and N'-(2-hydroxy-5-nitrophenylmethylidene)-3-pyridinecarbohydrazide (12) showed antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, with MIC values (in µmol mL-1) of 0.18-0.23, 0.11-0.20, 0.16-0.17 and 0.35-0.37, resp. Compounds 11 and 12, as well as N'-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylmethylidene)-3-pyridinecarbohydrazide (6) and N'-(2-hydroxy-5- methoxyphenylmethylidene)-3-pyridinecarbohydrazide (8) showed antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, with the lowest MIC values of 0.005-0.2, 0.05-0.12, 0.06-0.48 and 0.17-0.99 µmol mL-1. N'-(2-hydroxy-5-methoxyphenylmethylidene)-3-pyridinecarbohydrazide (7) showed antifungal activity against both fluconazole resistant and susceptible C. albicans strains with IC90 range of 0.18-0.1 µmol mL-1. Only compound 11 showed activity against C. albicans ATCC 10231 comparable to the activity of nystatin (the lowest MIC 4.0 ×10-2 vs. 1.7 × 10-2 µmol mL-1). Good activity regarding multi-resistant clinical strains was observed for compound 12 against MRSA strain (MIC 0.02 µmol mL-1) and compounds 2, 6 and 12 against ESBL+ E. coli MFBF 12794, with the lowest MIC for compound 12 (IC50 0.16 µmol mL-1). Anti-biofilm activity was found for compounds 2 (MBFIC 0.015-0.02 µmol mL-1 against MRSA) and 12 (MBFIC 0.013 µmol mL-1 against EBSL+ E. coli). In the case of compound 2 against MRSA biofilm formation, MBFIC values were comparable to those of gentamicin sulphate, whereas in the case of compound 12 and EBSL+ E. coli even more favourable activity compared to gentamicin was observed.

PMID: 31259730 [PubMed - in process]