3 Biotech. 2021 Feb;11(2):37. doi: 10.1007/s13205-020-02548-z. Epub 2021 Jan 8.
The diversity of antibiotic-resistance bacteria (ARB) from the effluents of Aizawl city municipal waste dumping site was studied using a culture-dependent method. The present study molecularly identified 73 isolates that were differentiated into three phyla (Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Firmicutes) belonging to 17 family and 22 genera. Bacillus constitutes the most dominant genus comprising 16% of the total isolates. The topology of the phylogenetic tree differentiates them into five major clades. Corynebacterium and Rhodococcus which are morphologically alike were clustered together and the Gram-positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus, Bacillus, and Lysinibacillus formed a separate cluster. Antibiotic resistance of the identified bacterial isolates was performed using 19 different antibiotics. Among the isolates, 70 of them found resistant to polymixin B and nalidixic acid and 10 isolates exhibited resistance to 15 tested antibiotics. The present study revealed that bacteria with antibiotic resistance are extensively distributed in the effluents of the dumping site and may serve as a significant reservoir for the spreading of antibiotic resistance to opportunistic pathogens.