Antimicrobial stewardship: can we add pharmacovigilance networks to the toolbox?
Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2020 Nov 16;:
Authors: Habarugira JMV, Figueras A
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is no longer an expected upcoming threat; it has become a real public health concern, challenging all existing control tools, requiring multidisciplinary innovative solutions. Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) programs require a set of tools and skills which can be put to service by health systems. However, there is an immense capacity gap between health systems in developed countries compared to developing ones. Systems in developed countries can rely on well-established laboratory services that can carry out microbial cultures and drug susceptibility tests. For many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) with limited laboratory resources, it will take time and long-term investments to have systems that can timely and reliably perform laboratory-based AMR monitoring. In the meantime, we must explore the possibility of using other indirect measures that can provide estimates of the growing burden of AMR in settings with weak laboratory capacity.
OBJECTIVES: In this point of view, we describe the potential contribution of the global pharmacovigilance (PV) networkers in the process of mapping and estimating the AMR burden in settings with less laboratory coverage and capacity, within the framework of AMS.
CONCLUSION: The heavy toll caused by AMR will not be brought down by a singular interventional approach, it will require a multidisciplinary and multifaceted set of strategies. Closing the laboratory capacity gap will require tremendous long-term investments, but the AMR data scarcity is a question that cannot wait any longer. The global pharmacovigilance network is a robust scientific community with experience in tracking suspected adverse events caused by new and old medicinal products. As AMR becomes a global health issue, AMS programs need all available tools to address resistance data scarcity and inform appropriate of antimicrobials. The solid global pharmacovigilance infrastructure could play an important role in countries with limited laboratory coverage and capacity.
PMID: 33196869 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]