home Curr Infect Dis Rep Antimicrobial Stewardship Interventions to Combat Antibiotic Resistance: an Update on Targeted Strategies.

Antimicrobial Stewardship Interventions to Combat Antibiotic Resistance: an Update on Targeted Strategies.

Antimicrobial Stewardship Interventions to Combat Antibiotic Resistance: an Update on Targeted Strategies.

Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2019 Aug 31;21(10):33

Authors: Cole KA, Rivard KR, Dumkow LE

Abstract
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Overutilization of antimicrobials is a known contributor to the development of antimicrobial resistance, which is a threat to global health. The goal of antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) is to implement targeted interventions to reduce inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing and prevent development of antimicrobial resistance. We aim to review recently published literature focused on five categories of ASP interventions that have demonstrated success in optimizing appropriate antimicrobial use, improving patient outcomes, and fighting antimicrobial resistance.
RECENT FINDINGS: In the past year, ASP interventions in the published literature have focused on minimizing duration of antimicrobial therapy for infectious syndromes, implementing novel methods for performing prospective audit and feedback, utilizing microbiology laboratory or rapid diagnostic tests to expedite diagnosis, leveraging clinical decision support and electronic medical record tools, and performing penicillin allergy assessment. While the majority of studies assessing ASP interventions do not assess changes in antimicrobial resistance, outcomes demonstrating improved appropriate antibiotic use have been used as a surrogate. Successful ASPs should seek to implement and evaluate novel interventions targeting improvement in antimicrobial prescribing. Such interventions are of critical importance to prevent further growth of antimicrobial resistance.

PMID: 31473861 [PubMed]