J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2021 Feb 22. doi: 10.1097/MPH.0000000000002085. Online ahead of print.
Although thiopurine is a crucial drug for treating acute lymphoblastic leukemia, individual variations in intolerance are observed due to gene polymorphisms. A 3-year-old boy with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia who was administered thiopurine developed mucositis, sepsis, and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis due to prolonged hematologic toxicity, chronic disseminated candidiasis, and infective endocarditis that triggered multiple brain infarctions. The patient was found to harbor 3 gene polymorphisms associated with thiopurine intolerance including homozygous NUDT15 R139C, heterozygous ITPA C94A, and homozygous MTHFR C677T and heterozygous RFC1 G80A. Thus, the combined effect of intolerance via multiple gene polymorphisms should be considered in case of unexpected adverse reactions.