Augmented Renal Clearance in a Case of Sepsis Leading to Vancomycin Failure Despite Increasing Dose As per the Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate

Cureus. 2021 Mar 30;13(3):e14183. doi: 10.7759/cureus.14183.

ABSTRACT

Augmented renal clearance (ARC) is a unique clinical scenario observed in critically ill patients. We present a case of a 30-year-old male with sepsis secondary to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia treated with vancomycin. ARC was observed in the patient with a maximum estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 161.9 ml/min/1.73 m2, and therapeutic drug monitoring was used to adjust the vancomycin dosage. Despite the maximal recommended dose of vancomycin, the therapeutic vancomycin level was not achieved, leading to treatment failure and subsequent mortality. Our case report suggests the necessity of other strategies, such as early dose adjustment of vancomycin based on vancomycin clearance and continuous vancomycin infusion, not merely conventional adjustment based on eGFR and vancomycin levels.

PMID:33936894 | PMC:PMC8082475 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.14183