Autologous scalp skin grafting to treat toxic epidermal necrolysis in a patient with a large skin injury: A case report

World J Clin Cases. 2021 Mar 6;9(7):1646-1653. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v9.i7.1646.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is often associated with skin wounds affecting large areas. Healing of this type of wound is difficult because of pressure, infection and other factors. It can increase the length of hospital stay and result in wound sepsis and even death.

CASE SUMMARY: A 49-year-old woman developed a skin lesion covering 80% of the total body surface area after using a kind of Chinese medicinal ointment on a burn wound on her back; she developed life-threatening wound sepsis and septic shock. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii, carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other bacteria were cultured from wound tissue, deep venous catheter and blood samples. Imipenem cilastatin sodium, tigecycline and teicoplanin were used for anti-infection therapy. Finally, the patient was transferred to the burn department because of severe wound sepsis. In the burn intensive care unit, pain-free dressing changes and autologous scalp skin grafting were performed to heal the wound in addition to reasonable and effective antibacterial treatment according to microbial susceptibility test results. After three operations within 2 wk, the wound healed and sepsis resolved.

CONCLUSION: TEN patients with large areas of skin injury may develop wound infection and life-threatening wound sepsis. Autologous scalp skin grafting may be beneficial for rapid wound healing and reducing the risk of sepsis in TEN patients, and it leaves no scar at the donor site.

PMID:33728308 | PMC:PMC7942035 | DOI:10.12998/wjcc.v9.i7.1646