Available drugs and supplements for rapid deployment for treatment of COVID-19

J Mol Cell Biol. 2021 Jul 6;13(3):232-236. doi: 10.1093/jmcb/mjab002.


Effective treatment for COVID-19 remains elusive, though urgently needed in the current pandemic. Repurposing marketed therapies may be an effective strategy for finding treatments quickly and, recently, in vitro and clinical testing of such therapies against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has skyrocketed. However, not all marketed drugs showing in vitro efficacy could achieve therapeutic concentrations in humans and discernment of drugs that have favorable pharmacokinetic properties can save time and resources for future studies. Here, we compile marketed therapies, including supplements, having anti-viral activity with in vitro, in vivo, and/or clinical data against α and β coronaviruses into tables, alongside their pharmacokinetic properties. We point to several drugs or supplements available for immediate repurposing because they have achievable blood concentrations in humans well above their inhibitory concentrations against coronaviruses. This compilation may contribute to the implementation of rapid future studies by narrowing the vast number of marketed drugs reported for potential efficacy against SARS-CoV-2 on the basis of their pharmacokinetic properties and published coronavirus data.

PMID:33493301 | PMC:PMC7928750 | DOI:10.1093/jmcb/mjab002