Bioactivity of EtOH and MeOH Extracts of Basidiomycetes Mushroom (Stereum hirsutum) on Atherosclerosis

Arch Razi Inst. 2021 Mar;76(1):87-94. doi: 10.22092/ari.2019.126283.1340. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

ABSTRACT

Mushrooms are cosmopolitan organisms living on different substrates and have different pharmacological properties, such as antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory effects thanks to many bioactive compounds. Edible and medicinal higher fungi have been used by humankind for millennia. They are collected and used directly not only for their nutritional values as a main source of food or as a part of a regular diet but also for their medicinal purpose as a source of powerful new bioactive compounds. Antioxidative and anti-inflammatory functions and therefore lipid-lowering effects correlate with antiatherogenic effects. This study determined the total antioxidant capacity (TAS), total oxidant capacity (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) activity, and antimicrobial activity of ethanolic and methanolic extracts of Stereum hirsutum (Willd.) Pers. Moreover, the effects on atherosclerosis are discussed according to the antioxidant activity of the mushroom. The TAS, TOS, and OSI values of S. hirsutum were determined using Rel Assay kits. According to the results, the TAS, TOS, and OSI values were determined at 5.289±0.113 mmol/L, 20.540±0.416 μmol/L, and 0.389±0.012. Furthermore, free radical scavenging activity was determined by the DPPH method. The ethanol (EtOH) extracts of S. hirsutum showed higher DPPH activity than methanol extracts. The EtOH extracts at a concentration of 2 mg/mL showed a DPPH inhibition of 45.84±0.81%. Antimicrobial activities were tested on 9 standard bacterial and fungal strains, including Staphylococcus aureus, S. aureus MRSA, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, Candida albicans, C. krusei,and C. glabrata using a modified agar dilution method. Extracts showed high activity against S. aureus, S. aureus MRSA, and A.baumannii. In conclusion, it was suggested that S. hirsutum can be used as a natural source related to the effects on atherosclerosis due to its antioxidant and antimicrobial activities.

PMID:33818961 | DOI:10.22092/ari.2019.126283.1340