Biofilm Formation and Prevalence of Biofilm-Related Genes Among Clinical Strains of Multidrug-Resistant <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em>

Microb Drug Resist. 2021 Mar 3. doi: 10.1089/mdr.2020.0399. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

The biofilm-forming Staphylococcus aureus strains are responsible for causing a number of diseases. With the emergence of multidrug resistance they constitute a catastrophic threat to medicine. The ability of 65 clinical strains of multidrug-resistant S. aureus (MDRSA) to form biofilm in vitro was examined in this study and analyzed in relation to SCCmec, spa type, microbial surface components recognizing adhesive matrix molecules (MSCRAMMs), and ica genes. Results obtained from crystal violet and MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] assays showed that all MDRSA strains tested form biofilm but, of 65 strains, only 18 strains (28%) were found to form a biofilm with high metabolic activity and a great amount of biomass. The high proportion of MDRSA isolates in our study made no significant difference for ica and MSCRAMMs genes according to biofilm-forming capacity, except for fib, icaA, and cna gene. In addition, this study demonstrated that strains carrying SCCmec type I showed a significantly decreased biofilm viability compared with the strains harboring SCCmec type II and type IV, but SCCmec type could not serve as a good predictor of biofilm formation. However, we found that significantly weaker metabolic activity was detected in the biofilm of isolates with spa type t011.

PMID:33656375 | DOI:10.1089/mdr.2020.0399