Bloodstream Infections due to Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae: A Single-Center Retrospective Study on Risk Factors and Therapy Options.

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Bloodstream Infections due to Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae: A Single-Center Retrospective Study on Risk Factors and Therapy Options.

Microb Drug Resist. 2020 Jun 23;:

Authors: Shen L, Lian C, Zhu B, Yao Y, Yang Q, Zhou J, Zhou H

Abstract
We aimed to compare efficacy of different patterns of antibiotics and explore the risk factors related to mortality in patients with bloodstream infections (BSIs) due to carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP). This study retrospectively included 89 patients with BSIs due to CRKP with complete data during the year of 2018 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine. Overall, the 28-day mortality was 47.2% (42/89). Multivariate analysis of Cox regression revealed that hematological malignancy (hazard ratio [HR] 5.698; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.405-13.504; p < 0.001) and Pitt bacteremia score (HR per unit increase, 1.303; 95% CI, 1.109-1.532; p = 0.001) were identified as independent predictors for 28-day mortality. Among 70 patients with appropriate therapy, 35 received tigecycline (TGC)-based therapy, 20 received polymyxin B (PMB)-based therapy, 9 received ceftazidime/avibactam-based therapy, and 6 patients had other kinds of antibiotics, including ciprofloxacin, amikacin, and cotrimoxazole. By adjusting variables selected by crude analysis, it showed that receiving PMB-based therapy provided a survival benefit comparing with TGC-based therapy (HR, 0.068; 95% CI, 0.018-0.260; p < 0.001). Hematological malignancy and Pitt bacteremia score were independent risk factors of death in patients with BSIs due to CRKP and PMB-based therapy improved survival rate compared with TGC-based therapy.

PMID: 32584202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]