Candida africana vulvovaginitis: Prevalence and geographical distribution.

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Candida africana vulvovaginitis: Prevalence and geographical distribution.

J Mycol Med. 2020 Apr 05;:100966

Authors: Fakhim H, Vaezi A, Javidnia J, Nasri E, Mahdi D, Diba K, Badali H

Abstract
Candida africana has been recovered principally as a causative agent of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) from different countries, which is likely to be misidentified as the typical Candida albicans or Candida dubliniensis. The current study aimed to characterize C. albicans species complex obtained from VVC based on conventional and molecular assays. Furthermore, in vitro antifungal susceptibility testing was performed based on CLSI documents. Additionally, due to low knowledge concerning C. africana infections, we reviewed all published papers from 1991 to 2019. One hundred forty-four out of 287 patients were identified with Candida infection, among whom 151 isolates of Candida were obtained. Candida albicans 109 (72.1%), Candida glabrata 21 (13.9%), Candida krusei 8 (5.2%), Candida tropicalis 5 (3.3%), Candida africana 3 (1.9%), Candida parapsilosis 3 (1.9%) and C. dubliniensis 2 (1.3%) were isolated from patients. MIC results showed that C. africana isolates were susceptible to all tested antifungal drugs. Candida africana infections were more prevalent in Africa. One hundred fifteen (40.6%) of patients with C. africana candidiasis were from seven African countries, and Madagascar and Angola had the majority of cases. The epidemiological data, phenotypic, clinical features, ecologic similarity, and antifungal susceptibility profiles for better understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms and optimal treatment underlying non-CandidaalbicansCandida vulvovaginitis are highly recommended.

PMID: 32317216 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]