Ceftaroline Cerebrospinal Fluid Penetration in the Treatment of a Ventriculopleural Shunt Infection: A Case Report.
J Pediatr Pharmacol Ther. 2020;25(4):336-339
Authors: Cies JJ, Moore WS, Enache A, Chopra A
Pharmacokinetic data regarding ceftaroline fosamil (CPT) penetration into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are limited to a rabbit model (15% inflamed) and adult case reports. We describe serum and CSF CPT concentrations in a 21-year-old, 34.8 kg female, medically complex patient presented with a 4-day history of fevers (Tmax 39.2°C), tachypnea, tachycardia, fatigue, and a 1-week history of pus and blood draining from the ventriculopleural (VPL) shunt. A head CT and an ultrasound of the neck revealed septated complex fluid collection surrounding the shunt. Therapy was initiated with vancomycin and ceftriaxone. Blood and CSF cultures from hospital day (HD) 1 were positive for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with a CPT MIC of 0.5 mg/L and a vancomycin MIC range of 0.5 to 1 mg/L. On HD 3, CPT was added. On HD 7, simultaneous serum (69.4, 44, and 30.2 mg/L) and CSF (1.7, 2.3, and 2.3 mg/L) concentrations were obtained at 0.25, 1.5, and 4.75 hours from the end of an infusion. Based on these concentrations, CPT CSF penetration ratio ranged from 2.4% to 7.6%. After addition of CPT, the blood and CSF cultures remained negative on a regimen of vancomycin plus CPT. On HD 14, a new left-sided VPL shunt was placed. The patient continued on CPT for a period of 7 days after the new VPL shunt placement. This case demonstrated CPT CSF penetration in a range of 2.4% to 7.6%, approximately half of the rabbit model. This allowed for CSF concentrations at least 50% free time > 4 to 6× MIC of the dosing interval with a dosing regimen of 600 mg IV every 8 hours in a 34.8 kg chronic patient and resulted in a successful clinical outcome with no identified adverse outcomes.
PMID: 32461749 [PubMed]