Ceftaroline fosamil for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections in obese patients.
Postgrad Med. 2014 Sep;126(5):128-34
Authors: Evans JD, Udeani G, Cole P, Friedland HD
BACKGROUND: Ceftaroline fosamil is a broad-spectrum antibiotic approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSIs) and community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. The Clinical Assessment Program and Teflaro Utilization Registry (CAPTURE) is a multicenter registry study of patients treated with ceftaroline fosamil in the United States for ABSSSI or community-acquired bacterial pneumonia.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical effectiveness of ceftaroline fosamil in the treatment of ABSSSI in obese patients [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30] compared with patients with a normal BMI (18.5 to ≤ 24.9).
METHODS: Data were collected at US study centers by randomly ordered chart review.
RESULTS: Data from 261 patients with a normal BMI and 690 patients with an obese BMI were collected. The percentage of males was higher in the normal BMI than in the obese category (58.2% and 49.0%, respectively). The mean and median ages at baseline were similar. Most patients (91%) were treated on a general hospital ward, and the mean and median lengths of stay were similar between the 2 groups (approximately 11 days and 7 days, respectively). A total of 73.2% of normal BMI patients and 77.5% of obese patients were discharged to home. Rates of diabetes mellitus were 26.4% in the normal BMI group and 55.1% in the obese group. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from 26.1% of normal BMI patients and 20.5% of obese patients (16.4% morbidly obese subset). Mean treatment duration for all patients was 5.9 days. Of patients with a normal BMI, 57.5% received ceftaroline fosamil as monotherapy as did 63.3% of obese patients. Clinical success was high in both the normal BMI (85.1%) and the obese (89.0%) groups.
CONCLUSION: Ceftaroline fosamil is an effective treatment option for obese patients with ABSSSI with a similar clinical success rate, mean and median length of stay, and discharge destination to home when compared with normal BMI patients.
PMID: 25295657 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]