Ceftobiprole Activity against Bacteria from Skin and Skin Structure Infections in the United States from 2016 through 2018.

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Ceftobiprole Activity against Bacteria from Skin and Skin Structure Infections in the United States from 2016 through 2018.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2020 Mar 16;:

Authors: Flamm RK, Duncan LR, Hamed KA, Smart JI, Mendes RE, Pfaller MA

Abstract
Ceftobiprole medocaril is an advanced-generation cephalosporin prodrug that has qualified infectious disease product status granted by the US-FDA and is currently being evaluated in phase 3 clinical trials in patients with acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSIs) and in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. In this study, the activity of ceftobiprole and comparators was evaluated against more than 7,300 clinical isolates collected in the United States from 2016 through 2018 from patients with skin and skin structure infections. The major species/pathogen groups were S. aureus (53%), Enterobacterales (23%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (7%), β-hemolytic streptococci (6%), Enterococcus spp. (4%), and coagulase-negative staphylococci (2%). Ceftobiprole was highly active against S. aureus (MIC50/90, 0.5/1 mg/L; 99.7% susceptible by EUCAST criteria; 42% methicillin-resistant S. aureus [lsqb]MRSA[rsqb]). Ceftobiprole also exhibited potent activity against other Gram-positive cocci. The overall susceptibility of Enterobacterales to ceftobiprole was 84.8% (>99.0% susceptible for isolate subsets that exhibited a non-extended-spectrum β-lactamase [lsqb]ESBL[rsqb]-phenotype). A total of 74.4% of P. aeruginosa, 100% of β-hemolytic streptococci and coagulase-negative staphylococci, and 99.6% of Enterococcus faecalis isolates were inhibited by ceftobiprole at ≤4 mg/L. As expected, ceftobiprole was largely inactive against Enterobacterales that contained ESBL genes and Enterococcus faecium Overall, ceftobiprole was highly active against most clinical isolates from the major Gram-positive and Gram-negative skin and skin structure pathogen groups collected at U.S. medical centers participating in the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program during 2016-2018. The broad-spectrum activity of ceftobiprole, including potent activity against MRSA, supports its further evaluation for the potential ABSSSI indication.

PMID: 32179519 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]