Biomolecules. 2021 Jun 3;11(6):834. doi: 10.3390/biom11060834.
BACKGROUND: The main goal of our study was to explore the wound-healing property of a novel cerium-containing N-acethyl-6-aminohexanoate acid compound and determine key molecular targets of the compound mode of action in diabetic animals.
METHODS: Cerium N-acetyl-6-aminohexanoate (laboratory name LHT-8-17) as a 10 mg/mL aquatic spray was used as wound experimental topical therapy. LHT-8-17 toxicity was assessed in human skin epidermal cell culture using (4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. A linear wound was reproduced in 18 outbred white rats with streptozotocin-induced (60 mg/kg i.p.) diabetes; planar cutaneous defect was modelled in 60 C57Bl6 mice with streptozotocin-induced (200 mg/kg i.p.) diabetes and 90 diabetic db/db mice. Firmness of the forming scar was assessed mechanically. Skin defect covering was histologically evaluated on days 5, 10, 15, and 20. Tissue TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-10 levels were determined by quantitative ELISA. Oxidative stress activity was detected by Fe-induced chemiluminescence. Ki-67 expression and CD34 cell positivity were assessed using immunohistochemistry. FGFR3 gene expression was detected by real-time PCR. LHT-8-17 anti-microbial potency was assessed in wound tissues contaminated by MRSA.
RESULTS: LHT-8-17 4 mg twice daily accelerated linear and planar wound healing in animals with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The formulated topical application depressed tissue TNF-α, IL-1β, and oxidative reaction activity along with sustaining both the IL-10 concentration and antioxidant capacity. LHT-8-17 induced Ki-67 positivity of fibroblasts and pro-keratinocytes, upregulated FGFR3 gene expression, and increased tissue vascularization. The formulation possessed anti-microbial properties.
CONCLUSIONS: The obtained results allow us to consider the formulation as a promising pharmacological agent for diabetic wound topical treatment.