Characterization of an osteomyelitis case caused by dalbavancin, ceftaroline, and vancomycin non-susceptible methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2021 Mar 8. doi: 10.1007/s10096-021-04219-0. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

We report a case of osteomyelitis due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) that is also non-susceptible to vancomycin, dalbavancin, ceftaroline, and ceftobiprole, in the absence of exposure to the latter three antibiotics. It was isolated from a patient with a 26-year history of cranial surgeries and episodes of osteomyelitis. Whole-genome sequencing was performed. It was found to belong to ST247 and the mecA gene was detected within the SSCmec type I (1B) gene cassette that lacked the E447K mutation known to produce resistance to ceftobiprole and ceftaroline. However, mutations in other genes related to resistance to these antibiotics were found.

PMID:33686556 | DOI:10.1007/s10096-021-04219-0