Characterization of carbapenem-resistant and XDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Canada: results of the CANWARD 2007-16 study.
J Antimicrob Chemother. 2019 Aug 01;74(Supplement_4):iv32-iv38
Authors: McCracken MG, Adam HJ, Blondeau JM, Walkty AJ, Karlowsky JA, Hoban DJ, Zhanel GG, Mulvey MR, Canadian Antimicrobial Resistance Alliance (CARA) and CANWARD
OBJECTIVES: Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa are emerging worldwide with increasing reports of carbapenemase-producing isolates. Carbapenem-resistant isolates may also be XDR. This study characterized carbapenem-resistant and XDR P. aeruginosa isolated from patients receiving care at Canadian hospitals from 2007 to 2016.
METHODS: Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed using CLSI broth microdilution methods. PCR was used to detect carbapenemases (GES, KPC, NDM, IMP, VIM, OXA-48) and other resistance markers; specific carbapenemase gene variants were identified by DNA sequencing. Genetic relatedness was assessed by MLST and PFGE.
RESULTS: From 2007 to 2016, 3864 isolates of P. aeruginosa were collected; 466 (12.1%) isolates were carbapenem resistant. The prevalence of carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa reached a peak of 17.3% in 2014. Colistin (94% susceptible) and ceftolozane/tazobactam (92.5%) were the most active agents against carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa. XDR P. aeruginosa comprised 4.5% of isolates; they were found to be genetically diverse and remained susceptible to colistin and ceftolozane/tazobactam. Only 4.3% (n = 20) of carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa harboured a carbapenemase; most were blaGES-5 (35%, n = 7). Wide genetic diversity was observed among carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa with >200 different sequence types identified.
CONCLUSIONS: Although the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa in Canada spiked in 2014 and 2015, carbapenemase-producing P. aeruginosa remain rare with only 20 (4.3%) isolates identified over a 10 year period. Broad genetic diversity was observed among both carbapenem-resistant and XDR phenotypes of P. aeruginosa. Pan-drug-resistant P. aeruginosa have not yet been identified in Canada.
PMID: 31505643 [PubMed - in process]