Microb Drug Resist. 2021 Apr 20. doi: 10.1089/mdr.2020.0502. Online ahead of print.
Proteus vulgaris is an important foodborne opportunistic pathogen, both environmentally and clinically. The use of appropriate antibiotics has significant therapeutic effects, but has led to the emergence and spread of drug-resistant strains. In this study, a P. vulgaris strain, designated "P3M," was isolated from Penaeus vannamei in Tianjin, China. The whole genome of P3M was sequenced, generating detailed information, including the key genes involved in important metabolic pathways and their physiological functions. A total of 218 antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) were predicted in the genome. The determination of various minimum inhibitory concentrations indicated that P3M is a multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacterium, with significant resistance to 16 antibiotics in seven categories. Determination of fractional inhibitory concentration index showed that the combination of ciprofloxacin plus tetracycline exhibited synergistic antimicrobial activity. Bioinformatics and phylogenetic analyses detected the presence of two two-component systems that mediate multidrug resistance and several mobile genetic elements involved in the horizontal transfer of ARGs in P3M. P. vulgaris strains represent a serious challenge to clinicians and infection control teams for its ubiquity worldwide and close relevance with human life. To the best of our knowledge, we report the first isolation and characterization of an important foodborne MDR P. vulgaris strain, and this study will provide necessary theoretical basis for the selection and clinical use of the appropriate antibiotics.