Chitosan-based nitric oxide-releasing dressing for anti-biofilm and in vivo healing activities in MRSA biofilm-infected wounds.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2019 Oct 14;:
Authors: Choi M, Hasan N, Cao J, Lee J, Phyu Hlaing S, Yoo JW
Bacterial biofilms on wounds impair the healing process and often lead to chronic wounds. Chitosan is a well-known biopolymer with antimicrobial and anti-biofilm effects. S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) has been identified as a promising nitric oxide (NO) donor to defend against pathogenic biofilms and enhance wound healing activities. In this study, we prepared NO-releasing chitosan film (CS/NO film) and evaluated its anti-biofilm activity and in vivo wound healing efficacy against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) biofilm-infected wounds in diabetic mice. The in vitro release study showed sustained release of NO over 3 days in simulated wound fluid. The CS/NO film significantly enhanced antibacterial activity against MRSA by >3 logs reduction in bacterial viability. Moreover, CS/NO film exhibited a 3-fold higher anti-biofilm activity than the control and CS film. In in vivo MRSA biofilm-infected wounds, the CS/NO film-treated group showed faster biofilm dispersal, wound size reduction, epithelialization rates, and collagen deposition than the untreated and CS film-treated groups. Therefore, the CS/NO film investigated in this study could be a promising approach for the treatment of MRSA biofilm-infected wounds.
PMID: 31622708 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]