[Clinical features of critically ill patients with invasive fungal infection].

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[Clinical features of critically ill patients with invasive fungal infection].

Rev Iberoam Micol. 2012 Apr-Jun;29(2):102-7

Authors: Borges-Sá M, Aranda-Pérez M

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal infection (IFI) is an entity that encompasses different types of infections caused by different types of those fungi pathogenic for humans. In the setting of critically ill patients with multiple and often-concurrent risk factors and comorbidities the most common are those caused by the Candida and Aspergillus species. Among the characteristics of IFI in critically ill patients, three aspects can be highlighted: those related to the host (e.g.: risk factors, clinical severity), those related with the pathogen (sensitivity, virulence), or those concerning antifungal treatment (spectrum, features PK / PD, safety, interactions). The fungus that most often causes an IFI in critically ill patients is Candida; the most common type infections are candidemia, Candida peritonitis and catheter-related infections. In recent years new antifungal treatments have expanded the therapeutic options, with echinocandins as a clear choice, often the first in the latest guidelines in critically ill patients with IFI.
CASE REPORT: We report the case of a critically ill patient having the most common risk factors, multiple organ dysfunction and development of an IFI. The complexity of establishing an antifungal treatment from the moment of its inception, its setting, and the considerations of the different therapeutic possibilities according to organ dysfunction of the patient are discussed. The antifungal treatment options mentioned in the current guidelines and recommendations are also evaluated.
CONCLUSIONS: The most common fungal infection in critically ill patients is invasive candidiasis, with candidemia or candida peritonitis being the most frequent clinical presentations. Candins have brought new possibilities for treating these complex patients due to their good safety profile and clinical efficacy.

PMID: 22463787 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]