Vet Microbiol. 2021 Feb 1;254:109002. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2021.109002. Online ahead of print.
Glaesserella parasuis (G. parasuis) is a respiratory pathogen of swine and the etiological agent of Glässer's disease. Although the emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) G. parasuis is a critical problem in the swine industry, there are few publications on the genetic basis of antimicrobial resistance of G. parasuis. In this study, comparative genome analyses were used to identify genomic differences between two phenotypically distinct isolates, an MDR isolate (HPS-1) and a susceptible isolate (HPS-2), from diseased swines in China. These isolates were both serovar 4, which is predominant in cases of Glässer's disease and is the most prevalent serovar in China. Based on clusters of orthologous group (COG) annotations, genes assigned to the extracellular structure category were only detected in HPS-1 and genes related to cell motility were more abundant in HPS-1 than in HPS-2. A comparative genomic analysis showed that these two isolates are closely related, although there was a large-scale genomic rearrangement. Eighteen percent of the genome consisted of strain-specific accessory genes of HPS-1. Notably, only the two genes aac(6')-Ie-aph(2'')-Ia and blaROB-1 on a plasmid were specific to HPS-1. We also detected 30,599 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including nonsynonymous SNPs in the aminoglycoside resistance gene aph(3'')-Ib, the fusidic acid resistance gene fusA, and the two rifampicin resistance genes rpoC and rpoB in HPS-1. These findings improve our understanding of the differences between MDR and susceptible isolates and will aid the development of treatment strategies to decrease the prevalence and disease burden caused by G. parasuis.