Comparing mRNA expression and protein abundance in MDR Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Novel protein candidates, Rv0443, Rv0379 and Rv0147 as TB potential diagnostic or therapeutic targets

Biotechnol Rep (Amst). 2021 May 29;30:e00641. doi: 10.1016/j.btre.2021.e00641. eCollection 2021 Jun.

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis (TB) is a sizable public health threat in the world. This study was conducted to determine the differential protein composition between susceptible and MDRTB strains. Tuberculosis proteins were extracted by Triton™ X-114 and ammonium sulfate. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis protein spots were selected for identification by mass spectrometry and mRNA expression levels were measured by real- time PCR. 2DE-Western blot and T cell epitope prediction for identified proteins were made by the IEDB server. The result shows at least six protein spots (Rv0147, Rv3597c, Rv0379, Rv3699, Rv1392 and Rv0443) were differentially expressed in MDRTB isolates. However, difference in mRNA gene expression was not found in the six mRNA genes. 2DE-Western blot procedures indicated strong reaction against MDRTB proteins corresponds to 13, 16 and 55 kDa areas that might be used as new diagnostic tools. In conclusion, these MDRTB proteins identified in this study could be reliable TB diagnostic candidates or therapeutic targets.

PMID:34189062 | PMC:PMC8220328 | DOI:10.1016/j.btre.2021.e00641