Comparison of blood cultures versus T2 Candida Panel in management of candidemia at a large community hospital.

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Comparison of blood cultures versus T2 Candida Panel in management of candidemia at a large community hospital.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2021 Jan 02;:

Authors: Steuber TD, Butler L, Sawyer A, Chappell R, Edwards J

Abstract
The T2 Candida Panel (T2CP) has high sensitivity and specificity to detect candidemia. Its role in the diagnosis and management of candidemia compared to blood cultures (BC) remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the T2CP versus BC in detecting and treating candidemia. A retrospective, observational cohort study was conducted to compare clinical outcomes in patients with candidemia identified by BC versus T2CP. Patients with a positive BC or T2CP for Candida spp. from January 2012 to August 2020 were grouped by initial method of detection (BC vs T2CP). Co-primary endpoints assessed included time to detection of candidemia and time to antifungal therapy. Key secondary endpoints included length of stay (LOS), ICU LOS, and mortality. One hundred sixty-three patients with a positive BC and 89 patients with a positive T2CP were included in the evaluation. The average time to detection of candidemia was significantly shorter in the T2CP group compared to BC group (9 vs 41 h, p < 0.001). The time to antifungal was also significantly shorter in the T2CP group compared to the BC group (4 vs 37 h, p < 0.001). However, LOS was significantly shorter in the BC positive group than the T2CP group with no difference in ICU LOS. There was no difference in in-hospital or 30-day mortality between the two groups. Of patients diagnosed with candidemia at our large community hospital, identification by T2CP led to faster detection and initiation of antifungal compared to blood cultures without improvement in LOS or mortality.

PMID: 33387121 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]