home Int J Infect Dis Comparison of molecular epidemiology of bloodstream methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates between a new and an old hospital in central Taiwan.

Comparison of molecular epidemiology of bloodstream methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates between a new and an old hospital in central Taiwan.

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Comparison of molecular epidemiology of bloodstream methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates between a new and an old hospital in central Taiwan.

Int J Infect Dis. 2019 Feb;79:162-168

Authors: Lee CY, Fang YP, Chang YF, Wu TH, Yang YY, Huang YC

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To compare the molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates between an old, urban hospital and a new, rural hospital over the same time period.
METHODS: The molecular characteristics of 398 MRSA bloodstream isolates collected between 2007 and 2013 from two hospitals in Taiwan were analyzed retrospectively; 202 isolates were from the old hospital and 196 from the new hospital (opened in 2007).
RESULTS: The rate of resistance to multiple antibiotics was significantly higher in the old hospital (93%) than in the new hospital (81%) (p<0.001). Genetic community-associated MRSA carrying staphylococcal cassette chromosome (SCC) type IV or V accounted for 58% of all MRSA isolates in the new hospital, significantly higher than the rate in the old hospital (p=0.018). The rate of spa t037-SCCmec III MRSA was significantly lower in the new hospital than in the old hospital (p=0.02). A significant decreasing trend in spa t002-SCCmec II MRSA isolates was observed in the old hospital (p=0.006), while the proportion of spa t037-SCCmec III MRSA decreased significantly in the new hospital (41.7% to 26.1%, p=0.022).
CONCLUSIONS: The rate of multiple antibiotic resistance and the molecular characteristics of MRSA differed significantly between the old and new hospitals and changed over time.

PMID: 30528665 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]