[Comparison of tigecycline and vancomycin activities in an in vitro biofilm model generated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus].

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[Comparison of tigecycline and vancomycin activities in an in vitro biofilm model generated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus].

Mikrobiyol Bul. 2015 Oct;49(4):475-483

Authors: Aslan H, Yapar N

Abstract
Today, the most common cause of bloodstream infections, which led to high mortality, prolonged hospitalization and increased costs are the intravenous catheters. Among the microorganisms associated with catheter infections, staphylococci took the first place and because of their biofilm-forming properties they cause serious problems in treatment and management of the patients. Although the drug of choice in the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection is vancomycin, its effect on the bacterial biofilm is known to be low. Tigecycline, newly used in our country is a well tolerated glycylcycline antibiotic. In this study, we aimed to compare the efficacy of tigecycline and vancomycin in an in vitro MRSA biofilm model. The study consisted of 10 MRSA strains, which were detected as causative agents of catheter-related infections in our hospital. The methicillin resistance of the strains were performed by disk diffusion test with oxacillin (1 μg) disks and the biofilm forming capacity of the strains was evaluated using the Congo red agar method. The silicone disks with created biofilm layer were exposed to tigecycline (2 mg/ml) and vancomycin (2 mg/ml) for 24 hours and for 5 days 4-hours per day in a model of antibiotic lock therapy. The present study showed that, after incubating the silicon discs in antibiotic solution for 24 hours, colony forming unit counts of MRSA decreased from 105 cfu/ml to 510 cfu/ml in the tigecycline group and from 105 cfu/ml to 3.800 cfu/ml in the vancomycin group and remained the same in the control (105 cfu/ml) group (p< 0.001). In the antibiotic lock therapy model, incubation with antibiotics for 4 hours per day, yielded that the average growth was 1.800 cfu/ml in the tigecycline group and 8.700 cfu/ml in the vancomycin group, which was statistically significant (p< 0.001). No growth was detected in the tigecycline group (0 cfu/ml) while in vancomycin group number of colonies in second, thirth and fourth days were 2.000, 260, 80 cfu/ml, respectively, no growth was seen in the fifth day. From the first day until the fourth day tigecycline was statistically more effective than vancomycin (p< 0.001, p< 0.001, p< 0.001, p= 0.013, according to days respectively). As a result, it was determined that tigecycline showed a higher effect on MRSA biofilm layer created on silicon discs and the results suggested that tigecycline might be a good alternative in the treatment of catheter infections.

PMID: 26649405 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]