Constrictive Pericarditis with Multiple Organ Failure after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

Kyobu Geka. 2021 Oct;74(11):903-907.


A 67-year-old male patient, who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) 16 years before, developed congestive heart failure 5 years after surgery. Three years later, he developed repeated heart failure, sepsis by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), renal failure, repeated thrombophlebitis on his right leg and atrial fibrillation. He also suffered from clouding of consciousness and flapping tremor caused by hyperammonemia. The three bypass grafts showed normal flow, but the pericardium was severely thickened. Therefore, pericardiotomy was performed via median sternotomy with additional left thoracotomy without using cardiopulmonary bypass. Although, he developed MRSA mediastinitis after surgery, he recovered after a month of continuous negative pressure wound therapy. His liver function and septic conditions gradually recovered. No recurrence of heart failure has been observed for 8 years since his second surgery.