J Assist Reprod Genet. 2021 Apr 9. doi: 10.1007/s10815-021-02177-2. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVE: To study the correlation between SNPs at phosphatidylinositol-4, 5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA) rs9838117 site, erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2 (ERBB2) rs1058808 site, and their interactions with environmental factors and the epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) risk.
METHODS: Sanger sequencing was used to analyze the genotypes of PIK3CA rs9838117 and ERBB2 rs1058808 site in 587 patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Multi-factor dimensionality reduction (MDR) was applied to analyze the interaction between PIK3CA rs9838117 and ERBB2 rs1058808 site and the clinical data.
RESULTS: The risk of EOC in T allele carriers at PIK3CA rs9838117 was 1.95 times (95%CI: 1.55-2.46, P<0.01) that of G allele carriers. The risk of EOC in G allele carriers at ERBB2 rs1058808 was as 0.64 times (95%CI: 0.54-0.75, P <0.01) as the risk for C allele carriers. In the interaction model between clinical data, PIK3CA rs9838117 site and ERBB2 rs1058808 SNP site, EOC risk in high-risk combination was 3.10 times (95%CI: 1.49-6.46, P <0.01) that of low-risk combination.
CONCLUSION: The SNPs at PIK3CA rs9838117 and ERBB2 rs1058808 loci were associated with the risk of EOC.