Cyberlindnera fabianii Fungemia Outbreak in Preterm Neonates in Kuwait and Literature Review.

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Cyberlindnera fabianii Fungemia Outbreak in Preterm Neonates in Kuwait and Literature Review.

Mycoses. 2018 Sep 05;:

Authors: Al-Sweih N, Ahmad S, Khan S, Joseph L, Asadzadeh M, Khan Z

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Cyberlindnera fabianii has rarely been reported as a human pathogen. Here, we describe an outbreak of C. fabianii fungemia involving 10 preterm neonates during a seven-month period in Kuwait and review the published reports.
METHODS: Blood cultures were processed and yeast isolates were initially identified by ID 32 C and/or VITEK 2. Molecular identification was done by PCR-sequencing of internally transcribed spacer (ITS) region and D1/D2 domains of rDNA. Fingerprinting was performed with microsatellite-based and minisatellite-based primers to examine genetic relatedness among the isolates. Antifungal susceptibility testing of the isolates was done by Etest.
FINDINGS: All infected neonates were preterm, received prior antibiotics and had an intravascular catheter in place. All bloodstream isolates were initially identified as Candida utilis by ID 32 C and/or VITEK 2 and showed reduced susceptibility to triazoles. PCR-sequencing of rDNA identified all isolates as Cyberlindnera fabianii. Fingerprinting studies yielded identical patterns indicating clonality. One neonate died before treatment, one died during treatment and eight neonates survived treatment with amphotericin B with/without fluconazole or caspofungin. Source of infection remained unknown despite surveillance cultures.
CONCLUSION: The outbreak highlights emergence of C. fabianii as a neonatal pathogen and reinforces importance of molecular methods in its accurate identification. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID: 30184277 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]