Dalbavancin for the treatment of paediatric infectious diseases.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2016 Aug 25;
Authors: Esposito S, Bianchini S
To review the topics of interest related to the use of dalbavancin in paediatric patients. PubMed was used to search for all of the studies published over the last 15 years using the key word "dalbavancin". A total of 36 manuscripts were selected, and due to the limited pediatric experience a further research was performed in order to identify clinical trials ongoing. Three studies that concerned children were found in clinicaltrials.gov. This review considers also the manuscripts published on the adult population in order to highlight the gaps requiring further research at pediatric age. Dalbavancin has emerged as a promising agent against resistant Gram-positive invasive infections. It is approved in the United States and Europe for the treatment of adult patients with acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (SSTIs). Compared to other available antibiotics that are active against multi-resistant bacteria, the advantages of dalbavancin include a lower potential for drug interactions and the possibility of fewer required doses due to a longer half-life. Pharmacokinetic characteristics of dalbavacin are attractive for its clinical impact, especially for children who may avoid prolonged hospitalization and central venous access. However, further studies are needed to establish its appropriate paediatric dosage before it can be licensed for use in newborns and children. For younger patients, at a time when infections due to multidrug-resistant Gram-positive pathogens are increasing, dosage, efficacy and safety data for dalbavancin are needed to ensure the highest antimicrobial efficacy while also minimizing the risk of adverse events.
PMID: 27562407 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]