Design, development, and deployment of an indication- and kidney function-based decision support tool to optimize treatment and reduce medication dosing errors

JAMIA Open. 2021 Jun 30;4(2):ooab039. doi: 10.1093/jamiaopen/ooab039. eCollection 2021 Apr.


Delivering clinical decision support (CDS) at the point of care has long been considered a major advantage of computerized physician order entry (CPOE). Despite the widespread implementation of CPOE, medication ordering errors and associated adverse events still occur at an unacceptable level. Previous attempts at indication- and kidney function-based dosing have mostly employed intrusive CDS, including interruptive alerts with poor usability. This descriptive work describes the design, development, and deployment of the Adult Dosing Methodology (ADM) module, a novel CDS tool that provides indication- and kidney-based dosing at the time of order entry. Inclusion of several antimicrobials in the initial set of medications allowed for the additional goal of optimizing therapy duration for appropriate antimicrobial stewardship. The CDS aims to decrease order entry errors and burden on providers by offering automatic dose and frequency recommendations, integration within the native electronic health record, and reasonable knowledge maintenance requirements. Following implementation, early utilization demonstrated high acceptance of automated recommendations, with up to 96% of provided automated recommendations accepted by users.

PMID:34222830 | PMC:PMC8242134 | DOI:10.1093/jamiaopen/ooab039