Future Med Chem. 2021 Apr 30. doi: 10.4155/fmc-2020-0364. Online ahead of print.
Aim: With the increasing abuse of antibacterial drugs, multidrug-resistant bacteria have become a burden on human health and the healthcare system. To find alternative compounds effective against hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (HA-MRSA), novel derivatives of ocotillol were synthesized. Methods & Results: Ocotillol derivatives with polycyclic nitrogen-containing groups were synthesized and evaluated for in vitro antibacterial activity. Compounds 36-39 exhibited potent antibacterial activity against hospital-acquired MRSA, with MIC = 8-64 μg/ml. Additionally, a combination of compound 37 and the commercially available antibiotic kanamycin showed synergistic inhibitory effects, with a fractional inhibitory concentration index of ≤0.375. Conclusion: Compound 37 has a strong inhibitory effect, and this derivative has potential for use as a pharmacological tool to explore antibacterial mechanisms.