Design, synthesis and structure-based optimization of novel isoxazole-containing benzamide derivatives as FtsZ modulators.
Eur J Med Chem. 2018 Sep 22;159:90-103
Authors: Bi F, Song D, Zhang N, Liu Z, Gu X, Hu C, Cai X, Venter H, Ma S
Antibiotic resistance among clinically significant bacterial pathogens is becoming a prevalent threat to public health, and new antibacterial agents with novel mechanisms of action hence are in an urgent need. Utilizing computational docking method and structure-based optimization strategy, we rationally designed and synthesized two series of isoxazol-3-yl- and isoxazol-5-yl-containing benzamide derivatives that targeted the bacterial cell division protein FtsZ. Evaluation of their activity against a panel of Gram-positive and -negative pathogens revealed that compounds B14 and B16 that possessed the isoxazol-5-yl group showed strong antibacterial activity against various testing strains, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and penicillin-resistant S. aureus. Further molecular biological studies and docking analyses proved that the compound functioned as an effective inhibitor to alter the dynamics of FtsZ self-polymerization via a stimulatory mechanism, which finally terminated the cell division and caused cell death. Taken together, these results could suggest a promising chemotype for development of new FtsZ-targeting bactericidal agent.
PMID: 30268826 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]