Detection of carbapenemase activities of Bacteroides fragilis strains with Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization -Time of flight Mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS).

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Detection of carbapenemase activities of Bacteroides fragilis strains with Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization -Time of flight Mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS).

Anaerobe. 2014 Jan 27;

Authors: Johansson A, Nagy E, Sóki J, ESGAI (ESCMID Study Group on Anaerobic Infections)

Abstract
Today resistance against carbapenems is considered an emerging problem in Bacteroides fragilis. Carbapenemase activities produced by aerobic bacteria have been detected by looking at hydrolysis of carbapenems with MALDI-TOF MS, but this technique was never used for anaerobic bacteria. We have developed a protocol for detection and verification of carbapenemase production in B. fragilis within 2.5 hours. Twenty-eight strains of B. fragilis were tested. Of the sixteen cfiA-positive strains all showed hydrolysis of ertapenem, whereas the twelve cfiA-negative strains showed no hydrolysis. Ertapenem hydrolysis could be inhibited with 2,6-Pyridinecarboxylic acid (DPA) in all cfiA-positive strains, verifying the presence of the metallo-beta-lactamase. Here we show a rapid way to detect carbapenemase activities of B. fragilis strains.

PMID: 24480431 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]