[Determination of in vitro synergy by a checkerboard method when 3 core antimicrobial agents of the retreatment new scheme combined against MDR-MTB and XDR-MTB].

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[Determination of in vitro synergy by a checkerboard method when 3 core antimicrobial agents of the retreatment new scheme combined against MDR-MTB and XDR-MTB].

Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 2016 Jun 12;39(6):464-468

Authors: Zhang LL, Yang H, Xiao HP, Lu JM, Sha W, Zhang Q

Abstract
Objective: In order to detect the in vitro synergistic effect of 4 drugs-pasiniazid (PA), moxifloxacin, rifabutin and rifapentini on multidrug-resistant mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-MTB) and extensively drug-resistant mycobacterium tuberculosis(XDR-MTB), which were core drugs of"The program of retreatment research of tuberculosis". Method: The checkerboard method was used to detect the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of antituberculosis drug combination schemes (moxifloxacin-PA, moxifloxacin-PA-rifabutin and moxifloxacin-PA-rifapentini) to 40 strains of clinical drug resistant MTB(20 strains of MDR-MTB and 20 XDR-MTB) and the standard strain H37Rv, by calculating the fractional inhibitory concentration index of joint action in vitro to judge the combined effect, with fractional inhibitory concentration index(FICI)≤0.5 and FICI≤0.75 as the basis of 2 drugs and 3 drugs showing synergy. Results: The FICI of moxifloxacin-PA scheme for DR-MTB was 0.125 to 1.000, only 5 strains with a FICI ≤0.5, showing synergistic effect. The FICI of moxifloxacin-Pa-rifabutin scheme with 20 strains of MDR-MTB ranged from 0.310 to 1.260, 10 strains with a FICI≤0.75, showing synergistic effect. The FICI of moxifloxacin-PA-rifabutin scheme with 20 strains of XDR-MTB ranged from 0.215 to 1.250, 11 strains with a FICI≤0.75, showing synergistic effect. The FICI of moxifloxacin-PA-rifapentini scheme with 20 strains of MDR-MTB ranged from 0.150 to 0.780, 19 strains with a FICI≤0.75, showing synergistic effect. The FICI of moxifloxacin-PA-rifapentini scheme with 20 strains of XDR-MTB ranged from 0.200 to 1.280, 16 strains with a FICI≤0.75, showing synergistic effect. Conclusions: The synergistic effect of moxifloxacin-PA scheme was poor, but showing better synergy when further combined with rifabutin or rifapentini. Rifabutin showed better effect than rifapentini, but the synergistic effect of moxifloxacin-PA-rifabutin combination scheme was poor than that of moxifloxacin-PA-rifapentini combination scheme.

PMID: 27289577 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]